Iain Duncan Smith Legacy
The following is a list of policies and damning court decisions and findings undertaken under the watch of Iain Duncan Smith:
- April 2011: LHA (Local Housing Allowance) is reduced to 30th percentile of local housing market instead of 50th with immediate effect. Affects 775,000 households.
- January 2012: LHA single room rate is extended to under 35s instead of under 25s. Disproportionately affects disabled people who cannot flat share due to disability but do not meet the stringent criteria for exemption (mid rate care DLA).
- April 2012: Contribution based ESA WRAG is time limited to 1 year (out of work benefit for those too sick/disabled to work), affecting 700,000 disabled people.
- May 2012: LHA regulations are found to discriminate against disabled peoplefor failing to allow an extra bedroom for overnight carers or children who cannot share due to disability.
- December 2012: New Sanctions rules are introduced, allowing sanctions to start sooner and for longer.
- 2012-2013: Remploy factories are closed down. Iain Duncan Smith famously says workers sit around making cups of coffee. 3 years on less than half have found employment.
- January 2013: ESA regulations are amended, making it harder to qualify. Assessors may make a decision based on therapy or aids a claimant *could* have whether or not they do or whether it is in fact available, possible or (in the case of treatment) they have given consent. Physical impairments may no longer award points in the mental health and cognitive section and vice versa. Eg a physical injury causing cognitive impairment would have all such symptoms ignored.
- April 2013: Legal aid is abolished for welfare cases.
- April 2013: DLA is begun to be replaced with PIP to make 20% savings (benefit to cover extra costs of disability). 500,000 disabled people are expected to lose their benefit. By 2016 14,000 disabled people have had their motability car repossessed. This is just the start as most people have not yet been assessed due to errors and delays.
- April 2013: The Social size criteria more commonly known as the Bedroom tax is introduced. This removes housing benefit for “spare” rooms for social housing tenants. 660,000 households are affected, two thirds of which include a disabled member.
- April 2013: All benefits are capped to a 1% uprating until 2015, bar Carer’s allowance, DLA/PIP and disability premiums. Ministers lie about disabled benefits being unaffected as ESA is included (even the support group to some extent).
- April 2013: Council tax benefit is abolished and replaced by council tax reduction scheme, administered locally. This leads to a postcode lottery with many disabled people, including those in the ESA support group, liable for up to 25% of their council tax.
- May 2013: UK Statistics Authority finds ministers from the DWP repeatedlyused false disability statistics to justify benefits cuts.
- May 2013: In a legal court case the WCA is found to discriminate against claimants with mental health illnesses. As yet the recommendations to remedy this have not been implemented.
- October 2013: Non time limited unpaid mandatory reconsiderations are introduced as an extra step before being allowed to appeal benefit decisions.
- March 2014: The Work and Pensions Committee warns the DWP “to exercise care in the language used in accompanying press releases and ministerial comments in the media, to ensure it avoids the risk of feeding into negative public views about benefit recipients.”
- June 2014: The implementation of PIP is called a “fiasco” by the Public Accounts Committee after a “failure to implement a pilot scheme resulted in significant delays, a backlog of claims and unnecessary distress for claimants who have been unable to access the support they need to live, and in some cases work, independently.”
- July 2014: A court case against the restriction of high rate mobility from 50m to 20m in PIP fails. However the DWP admit “we were aware that the vast majority of recipients of DLA were individuals with genuine health conditions and disabilities and genuine need, and that removing or reducing that benefit may affect their daily lives”
- August 2014: Figures reveal a 580% increase in ESA sanctions.
- November 2014: Government Work Programme is branded a failure by the Public Accounts Committee. 90% of ESA claimants have not been found jobs and providers are spending less than half than promised on these hard to place groups.
- June 2015: The ILF is abolished. 17,000 people lose funding to pay for their personal care. Some funding is given to councils for the first 2 years but it is not ringfenced. Most disabled people affected see huge cuts to their hours and loss of independence
- August 2015: Following FOI requests, figures are released showing thousands of people died after being found “fit for work.” However the statistics released are confusing, omit key data and make it hard to draw accurate conclusions.
- August 2015: The DWP admits to using fake claimants in leaflets praising the use of sanctions.
- September 2015: The UN confirms it is investigating the UK for “grave and systematic violations of the human rights of disabled individuals”, the first time such an investigation has taken place in a first world country.
- October 2015: A Cap to Access to Work, is introduced, limiting or eliminating entirely work options for those with higher support requirement
- November 2015: Independent research is published suggesting 600 suicides and 279,000 cases of reported mental health illness can be directly linked to controversial WCA.
- January 2016: The Bedroom tax is found unlawful and discriminatory at the court of appeal in the case of disabled children requiring overnight care and people requiring panic rooms.
- February 2016: Figures show half of those reassessed for PIP are losing their motability vehicle. There are 650,000 disabled people on the scheme and only 31,200 have been reassessed so far. Of these 14,000 have lost their car or wheelchair.
About to be introduced:
- April 2016: All benefits will be frozen for the next 4 years bar DLA/PIP and disability premiums.
- September 2016: DSA (Disabled Student Allowance) will be cut. Government is withdrawing funding entirely for some types of support and hoping universities will pick up the cost. This will affect 70,000 disabled students.
- 2017: ESA WRAG rate is to be cut by a third by £30 per week to align it with JSA. This will affect new claimants and those with a 12 week break in their claim.
- By 2020: Social care is facing a £3 billion funding gap
March 2016: The budget sees further extensive proposed cuts to PIP: Iain Duncan Smith finds his conscience and resigns…??!